Chess Game – Complete Guide

Chess Game: The Definitive Guide (2022)

This is an ultimate guide to the chess game in 2021 that makes the chess game simple for you.

Here I will cover the basic things about chess game and make it clear for you that what this game is all about and can also ready you to play chess right now.

Chess have evolved a lot during these year and will take a new form of excellence in the upcoming years also.

Here I’ll also cover up some of the new chess strategies that will also work in 2021.

So if you’re looking to improve your chess skills this year, you’ll love this updated guide.

chess game the definitive guide


Basics of Chess Game

Chess Game Basics

Benefits of Chess Game

Benefits of Chess

Chessboard Introduction

Introduction of Chessboard

How To Play Chess

How To Play Chess

Special Moves

Special Moves In Chess

Chapter 1:

Chess Game Basics

This is an ultimate guide to the chess game in 2021 that makes the chess game simple for you.

Here I will cover the basic things about chess game and make it clear for you that what this game is all about and can also ready you to play chess right now.

Chess have evolved a lot during these year and will take a new form of excellence in the upcoming years also.

Here I’ll also cover up some of the new chess strategies that will also work in 2021.

So if you’re looking to improve your chess skills this year, you’ll love this updated guide.

Basics of Chess Game

What is Chess Game?

Chess Game is two-player strategy board game played on the chessboard, a checkered board with 64 squares in 8×8 grid. This Game is played with strategies and ideas based on some calculations and tricks all around the world with a lot of courage and intelligence.


This game is somewhat derived from the ancient game called chaturanga that was Indian strategy game played by kings and royal people in the old times.

Chaturanga: The Ancient Chess

This game have a total of 32 pieces, i.e. 16 pieces for both sides each have different ability of moving with a lot of variations in their power. Each player have 6 different types of pieces: 8 pawns, 2 rooks, 2 knights, 2 bishops, a queen and the most important one – the king!

Chapter 2:

Benefits Of Chess Game

Now that you have seen what the chess game is and how it have evolved over the time.

In this chapter, I am going to tell you about the major benefits that you can get by playing chess and why its important to play chess game atleast once a week.

So, if you are wondered to know about why I am playing chess since 2010 and how I have been beneficial from this, you’ll love this chapter.

Benefits of Chess Game

Top 10 Benefits Of Chess

I bet you may be surprised to know that chess has also many positive impacts on your health as well as in your life, such as it will raise your IQ, improves your memory, improves your puzzle-solving skills, etc.

But how could chess game be beneficial for you?

In fact a Research Study Conducted By Pubmed, showed that playing chess and development of mind and thinking ability have a direct relation with playing chess.

Pubmed Study On Chess

Even though, Chess can also have benefits beyond intelligence and IQ, it also have a significance benefits on our health and behaviour. Here are some of the benefits of chess game:

Top 10 Benefits Of Chess Game

Here I will tell you about 10 major benefits that you will get by playing chess at a regular basis. This will not only increase your IQ level or changes your mindset towards all the real-life situations but also build you a great personality (the one you never expects).

Raise Your IQ Level

Playing a chess game requires a high IQ level but this can also help you to increase your IQ level as while playing chess you have to do a lot of calculations, have to make good plans, you have to make good chess strategies to make that plan successful.

Robert Ferguson study on 4,000 Students of Venezuela for 4 months had proved that playing chess game improves the IQ level significantly of both girls and boys.

Robert Ferguson Chess Report

On the basis of own experience, I have also realised a considerable amount of change in my IQ level and the way of thinking towards the situations in my life. This was also accepted by GM Magnus Carlsen who have IQ above 190 that Chess surely increases your IQ Level.

Also, all the chess grandmasters and top-level chess players have high IQ level. You can also start playing chess so that you can also experience such a considerable amount of change in your IQ.

Enhance Your Personality Traits

Chess can help you to enhance your personality traits that will also improve your performance of work in real-life. Here are some of the personality traits that you can developed by chess.

Personality Traits Developed By ChessPersonality Traits Developed By Chess

We have done a research study to know whether playing Chess game can surely improve the personality of an individual. For this we have divided a group of students in 2 Groups.

Research Study On Personality With Chess

According to the research study on these two groups, we have seen 38% difference in IQ of people who play chess regularly in 3 months due to intense interaction with calculations, strategies, making plans, etc.

Till now, you have understood that Chess improves the personality traits a lot and will makes our life different from other people. That’s why, I say that Chess could be a good option for the children who want the overall development in their life.

Exercises Both Hemispheres Of Brain

As Chess is a brain game that requires strategies and plans to be made that also helps in exercise of both hemisphere of the brain.

The left hemisphere controls the logical thinking and calculation ability of the brain, which is very important on each move in chess. Whereas, the right hemisphere controls the creative thinking of the brain which is very important to make plans and generate ideas as well as for building strategies for the game.

Benefits Of Chess On Brain

Here you have seen that chess game can help a lot to your brain and opens make more dendrites which results in activating the right hemisphere of you brain. Hence, chess could help you to exercise both parts of your brain.

Increase Your Creativity

Chess game is played by analysing positions, making good plans, master strategies and lot more thinking process that will help you to increase your creativity.

Some Researchers in an Indian school of students from grades 7 to 9 tested the creative thinking skills of two group of students. One group was given best training in chess and tell them to play chess for few days, whereas another group was deprived from playing chess game.

After few days, a test was conducted where all the students have to find the alternatives for some problems and even real-life situations. The group who have played chess for days scored really well and outrank the students who were deprived of that.

Study on the Impact of Chess Training on Creativity

These research study have proved that chess players are more creative than the non-chess players.

Improve Your Concentration Power

Chess is a game of planning and strategies that needs a lot of concentration and focus for a long time. Concentrating over a single thing for a long time helps you to improve your focus and concentration power.

It would be very beneficial to you if you improve your concentration power, such as you could think more effectively, can take the decisions of your life more effectively, you could also inert the ability to control your thoughts, this will also sharpen your mind, improves your self-confidence and many more other benefits.

Chess Game could be a great educational tool for students to improve their performance in every sphere of life and can help in the overall development of the students.

As we have discussed above Chess is very beneficial for the overall development of the students. You all may glad to read that the Government of many countries understands the value and importance of chess game in the development of students.

That’s why governments of many countries all around the world decided to make chess game a compulsory subject in school education.

Chess improves the memory power of the students

Chess enhances the creativity of the students

Chess Helps In Overall Development Of Students

That’s why, the governments of lot of countries decided to make the game of chess as a compulsory subject in school education.

Major Health Benefits Of Chess

Chess is a brain game associated with various mental activities such as critical thinking, problem-solving activities, tactical calculation, making plans and chess strategies, and main other brain exercises through chess.

So, Do chess only improves the performance of the mind and improve your IQ Level?


Chess also gives you some of the health benefits such as it will prevent you from various diseases such as Autism, Alzheimer, Stroke Recovery and many other health benefits.

Health Benefits of Chess

A study featured in The New England Journal of Medicine found that people over 75 who engage in brain-stretching activities like playing chess are less likely to develop dementia than their non-board-game-playing peers. Just like an un-exercised muscle loses strength, Dr. Robert Freidland, one of the study’s authors, found that unused brain tissue leads to a loss of brain power. So that’s all the more reason to play chess before you turn 75.

This research study have proved that there is a strong connection between health and playing brain games like chess.

It Teaches Right Way Of Planning

Making plans and strategies in Chess also teaches you the right way of planning. I am talking not only about chess games but also in your life, you could gain the ability to set good targets and can make good strategies and would not lose anywhere in the real-life.

Playing Chess as a teenager can help us a lot in our development of body and thought process. One of the last parts of the brain to develop is the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain responsible for planning, judgment, and self-control. So adolescents are scientifically immature until this part develops.

According to the study, Chess game can promote prefrontal cortex development that can help them to take better decisions in their life based on a right way of planning, correct judgement and better thinking abilities.

Chess is a Gymnasium For The Brain

It Improves Decision-Making

Chess also improves our decision-making, as in the game we have to take a lot of decisions in various strategies, our moves, our plans, etc.

Research also shows that action video game experts (for example: chess experts) have more grey matter and enhanced functional connectivity in the insula sub-regions of their brains.

The insula is a small portion of the cerebral cortex, responsible for self-awareness and present moment awareness. Increase in grey matter in the insula of the brain facilitates better decision-making.

The prefrontal cortex is responsible for performing “executive functions” such as reason, logic, problem-solving, planning, memory, directing attention, developing and pursuing goals and inhibiting counterproductive impulses that also contributes to our decision-making process.

Teaches To Accept Win And Lose

Chess Game Teaches You How To Accept Win And Lose. The main problem with people of all ages, that they do not accept the win or lose.

It is the worldwide accepted truth that everyone likes to win in every sphere of their life, but no one wants to accept their loss. It is good to win each match but that’s not possible that every player wins each match, one player will lose and another will win the match.

Chess Rulers

There is never a loss in life, either victory or learning.

You should learn from your loses and mistakes to do better next time and perform better.

If you won the match then you should look at two things, first is that which mistake you opponent had made, and second which good move you had made in the match. If You lose that match then you should look for just the opposite things, which mistake you made and good move your opponent.

The same is with your life. You should analyse your failures and try next time with a better experience. You should win with grace and lose with regret. I will give a list of these benefits of chess in the last phases of this guide.

It Improves Problem-Solving Skills

In the game of chess, we usually solve some positions and tactics which will ultimately improves our problem solving skills.

Nearly 450 fifth-grade students were split into three groups in a 1992 study in New Brunswick. Group A was the control group and went through the traditional math curriculum. Group B supplemented the math with chess instruction after first grade, and Group C began the chess in first grade. On a standardized test, Group C’s grades went up to 81.2% from 62% and outpaced Group A by 21.46%.

1992 Study in New Brunswick

Chess have also shown a considerable amount of benefit on the studies as well the overall education as the players will have to face less difficulties and problems in the education system as compared to non-chess players.

So, these are some of the major benefits of chess in our life, body, health and mind that leads to overall development of a person. Here is a quick infographic for you that makes you completely clear for you and can also tell other people about the benefits of chess game and encourage them to play chess by showing this infographic to them.

Overall Benefits Of Chess

Chapter 3:

Introduction To Chessboard

Now that you have seen the major benefits of chess game and now its the time to tell you major equipment of chess that is chessboard.

In this chapter, I am going to tell you about the basic information about the chessboard and some special moves that could makes the game of chess.

So, if you are wondered to know about what is chessboard, the geometry of chessboard and algebraic notation, then you’ll love this chapter.

Chessboard Introduction

Overview Of Chessboard

In the beginning of this chess guide, I have told you that the game of chess is played on a checkered chessboard.

So, what’s that, how we can play that, is there any other use of chessboard, what those silly numbers and alphabets on that board mean, how a position can be evaluated on a chessboard and a lot more questions to be answered here.

What is Chessboard?

Chessboard is a type of a checkered board that is used to play chess on which chess pawns and chess pieces are placed. It is divided into 64 squares in 8×8 grid of two colours dark and light squares.


The chessboard is divided into 8 rows called ranks ranging from 1-8 and have a strategic importance in the games and 8 columns called files ranging from a-h and have tactical importance.

How To Setup A Chessboard

The first step of learning chess game is how to setup the chessboard. The standard game of chess starts from a pre-defined setup of chess pieces. Let’s learn how to setup this!

Here I will tell you the complete procedure to setup a chessboard that will help you to do this very easily.

As you can see the chess diagram above, the chessboard have some letter and numbers on it. Are they of any use in chess or made for decoration purposes only.

The chess games can be recorded in the form of alphabets and numbers known as the algebraic notation.

Chess Notation Guide

What is Algebraic Notation In Chess?

Algebraic Notation is the standard method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess. It is written on the basis of the coordinates given on the chess board that identifies each of the square on chessboard.

algebraic notation diagram

In the above diagram you have understood how the algebraic notations have been written by identifying each of the square. But here I will make it more easy for you.

At first you have to write the name of the file (alphabetical symbol), then there would be number of rank (numerical symbol) and in the beginning there would be symbol of piece that is to be written.

Piece Image

Piece Name (Algebraic Symbol)

Chess Pawn (No)

Chess Bishop (B)

Chess Knight (N)

Chess Rook (R)

Chess Queen (Q)

Chess King (K)

The format of writing chess moves is Chess Piece Symbol + File Name + Rank Name.

This how you can write the chess moves and can record your chess games, which can be used further on to analyse your games after your match and your opponent’s matches before the game which will give you a rough idea about him.

This how you can write the chess moves and can record your chess games, which can be used further on to analyse your games after your match and your opponent’s matches before the game which will give you a rough idea about your opponents.

Step-By-Step Procedure To Setup A Chessboard

Step 1

At the beginning of the game, the chessboard is laid out so that each player has the white (or light) colour square in the bottom right-hand side.

Correct Way Of Placing Chessboard

Step 2

Then, place the chess pieces on their respective pre-defined positions. Here are the correct positions of chess pieces at the initial position of the game.

How To Setup A Chessboard

Piece Image

Piece Name

Pieces Quantity

Initial Squares

Initial Squares

Chess Pawn

8 Pieces



Chess Bishop

2 Pieces

c1 and f1

c8 and f8

Chess Knight

2 Pieces

b1 and g1

b8 and g8

Chess Rook

2 Pieces

a1 and h1

a8 and h8

Chess Queen

1 Piece



Chess King

1 Piece



Step 3

Now, you are all set with your chessboard and your initial setup of chess piece. Now you have setup of chessboard as given below.

Initial Position of Chessboard

Chapter 4:

How To Play Chess?

Now that you have read about the chessboard and chess pieces but have you ever wondered that only these 6 types of pieces and 64 squares have unlimited possibilities and strategies that could be think of by different players.

In this chapter, I am going to tell you about the basic moves made by each chess pieces and some special moves that could makes the game of chess. You will also get to know about how they have some variations in them.

So, if you are wondered to know how to play chess and want to learn it, then you’ll love this chapter.

How To Play Chess

What are Chess Pieces?

The Chess pieces are those tangible items that are used for playing chess. There are 6 types of chess pieces distinguished on the basis of their style of moving and unique characteristics. This includes King, Queen, Bishop, Knight, Rook and Pawns.

White Chess Pieces

These, like the game itself, are probably derived from the “four arms” of the Indian army—i.e., chariots, elephants, horses, and infantry but in this long journey of chess, the shapes and characteristics of chess pieces have been misinterpreted by the Western people.

In the early times, the chess game was used for making the strategies of war by the kings and their ministers.

How These Chess Pieces Move?

Now, I will teach you how to move these chess pieces which makes the base of how to play chess. All 6 kinds of chess pieces move in their different styles, as there are different characteristics of all the 6 pieces.

The Chess pieces cannot jump or move over other pieces { Exception: the Knight is only the chess piece that can jump over the other pieces } and cannot move to the square acquired by the chess piece of its similar color.

But they can be moved to the squares acquired by the opponent pieces to capture these pieces.

Generally, Chess Pieces are moved into the crucial positions, where they can capture other pieces or make the crucial pressure on the opponent by attacking the opponent’s king, defend their pieces in case of capture, or control important squares in the game to consolidate the position in the game.

Now, I will tell you how all of these chess pieces move that we have discussed above in the table of Info About Chess Pieces one-by-one.

How To Move Pawn In Chess?

The Pawns are considered as the weakest piece in chess. The pawns can only move up to only one square. But only at the initial position { i,e, when the particular pawn hasn’t been moved yet }, the pawns can move up to two squares.

How Pawn Moves In Chess

The Pawns can capture only one square diagonally in front of it. But there is a restriction to the pawns in chess that they can not move backward, nor they could capture the square behind it. This becomes the weakest point for the pawn that if any piece is to be put on the square just in front of it, the pawn becomes dead virtually, as it can not move forward, nor it could capture that piece.

As per the Reinfeld values, the Pawn has a total of 1 value point.

How To Move Bishop In Chess?

The Bishop can move as far as possible but can move only diagonally. In the game of chess, each bishop starts on a specific color { light or dark color } and also stays on that color even at the end of the game.

These Bishops work well in the pair when they cover the two adjacent diagonals and create a massive attack by covering each other’s weakness.

How Bishop Moves In Chess

The Bishop is considered as the best attacking piece for sacrifice due to their high range of mobility and can create a crucial weakness in the opponent’s camp.

The Bishops worked well in the open position, while they became dead in the closed positions on the chessboard even in the international chess games.

As per the Reinfeld values, the Bishop has a total of 3 value points.

How To Move Knight In Chess?

The Knight has very restricted mobility, that’s why it is considered as the most adventurous chess piece and can become a very dangerous chess piece in many situations of the game.

This chess piece can move two squares in one direction, and then one additional move at the 90 degrees. It just forms the shape of the “L” character at the chessboard.

The Knight has the special ability that it is the only chess piece that could move over the other chess pieces as it has to complete its total move that makes the L-shape on the chessboard.

How Knight Moves In Chess

The Knights are opposite to the Bishops in terms of their characteristics. As the Bishops work well in the open positions, the Knights play an outstanding role in the closed positions.

As per the Reinfeld values, the Knight has a total of 3 value points.

How To Move Rook In Chess?

The Rook can move as far as possible but can move only in the forward, backward, or in the sideways directions.

You can see the movement of Rook that I have described In the Image below:

How Rook Moves In Chess

The Rooks are especially powerful pieces when they are protecting each other and working together in the same files { doubling the rooks on the same files } or in the same ranks { attacking the two files at the same time }.

These rooks work well in the open files which make the decisive attack and help to destroy the opponent camp. As per the Reinfeld values, the Rook has a total of 5 value points.

How To Move Queen In Chess?

The Queen is considered as the most powerful piece in the Game of Chess, due to its range of movement.

The Queen can move in any direction, whether – straight, backward, sideways, or diagonally as the king but can move as far as possible { i.e. as far as the complete diagonal from a1 to h8 } as long as she reaches its pieces.

You can see the movement of queen that I have described In the Image below:

How Queen Moves In Chess

The Queen can be very dangerous in the positions where you King or any square near it is vulnerable and become an easy target for Queen. At that situation you Should either exchange of your Queens or keep your opponent’s Queen busy on other side of the Board.

As per the Reinfeld values, the Queen has a total of 9 value points.

How King Moves In Chess?

The King can move only one square, whether it is forward, backward, sideways, or in the diagonal direction.

The main weakness of the King is that it can not move to the square which is attacked by any other opponent pieces.

It is the major weakness of the king that in the check, the king has to be saved, the Player can not move anything else leaving the king in danger.

Now you may wonder to know about what is the check. The Check is a condition in which the King in the Chess is attacked.

How King Moves In Chess

There are three ways to protect from Check. These are as follows:

  1. Move the king to a safe square.
  2. Capture the threatening piece.
  3. Block the path of check between the threatening piece and the king.

These are there ways to protect from check.

Chapter 5:

Special Moves In Chess

Now, here you have learnt how to play chess and the basic moves of chess pieces. But is that enough to play the game.

Not at all!

There are various special moves in chess other than the basic ones that have a lot of exceptions to these basic moves of some chess pieces.

So, if you are wondered to know these special and exceptional moves in chess, then you’ll love this chapter.

Special Moves

Common Special Moves In Chess

There are a few special chess moves or chess rules that are also considered as an exception and also different from the basic chess moves. Even these moves violate the fundamentals of chess.

Sometimes, we are even forced to say that “Hey!, What’s The Nonsense”. But whatever they are, they make the chess game more fun and interesting in the real sense.

The common special moves in chess are castling, enpassent, pawn promotion, etc.

So let’s discuss these special chess moves one-by-one.

What is Chess Castling?

Castling is a special move in chess that involves the player’s King and Rook. It is the only move in chess in which a player moves two pieces in the same move, and it is the only move aside from the knight’s move where a piece can be said to “jump over” another.

In the castling, the King moves two squares towards the Rook first and then Rook jumps to the square next to the King.

How To Do Castling In Chess

Major Requirements Of Castling In Chess

To enable the option of castling, there are certain requirements or the conditions that have to be met at first. These requirements for doing castling are given as follows:


The King must not be moved in that particular game ever before, it must be King’s first move. If you want to Break the castling of your opponent, then most common way is to give your opponent King a check, so that he have to Move his King.

Castling Rule 1


The Rook that has to be involved In the castling must not be moved in that particular game ever before, it must be that Rook’s first move.

You can put some pressure of both Rooks to break the Castling of your Opponent.

{ If one of both the pieces were moved ever before, then the castling is not possible. }

Castling Rule 2


All the squares between both the pieces { king and the rook } must be empty. The most difficult way of preventing your opponent from castling is to prevent your opponent for clearing up the space to castle.

You can do this by putting a tremendous pressure on your opponent and restricts the development of your opponents pieces in the opening.

Castling Rule 3


There must not be threat on the Squares from where the king has to be move along with his own square. I mean there should be any check on the king at the move he has to castle. You can also prevent castling of opponent by giving a check on crucial moments or putting attack on other two squares for castling.

Castling Rule 4

What is En Passant In Chess?

The En passant is another very famous and interesting special chess move and is one of the boldest moves in chess books.

The en passant moves violate the basics of chess principles and laws and also based on its own chess rules and principle and are widely used chess rules in the chess world.

How To Do Enpassent Move In Chess

In this chess move, when the opponent’s pawn placed the file adjacent to our pawn moves the two squares at first, then our pawn that is in the 5th or 4th rank for white and black respectively.

Then the en passant move is played, in which our pawn captures that pawn in the square behind the square of the opponent’s pawn { i,e,. The pawn on the a7 square moves to the a5 square and our pawn is on the b5 square at that time then our pawn can capture that pawn on the a6 square }.

But there is also a restriction that the en passant move could be done only the next move, otherwise, the player could no longer perform that move to that pawn in the rest of the game.

What is Pawn Promotion In Chess?

The Pawns has the special ability to promote any of the chess pieces. It means that if any of our pawns reach to the opposite side of the chessboard { i.e. 8th rank for the white or 1st rank for the black } then the pawn can take place of any of the pieces except the pawn itself and the king, and is said to have been promoted.

Pawn Promotion Move

But there is a misconception existing in our chess society that it could be promoted to the exchanged piece and can have as many specific pieces as possible { maximum 10, as the Rook, Bishop, and Knights could be of that quantity }.

There is a major misconception and a strong as well as the strange belief in the chess society { mainly in the beginners } that the pawn would be changed to the piece that acquires that particular square at the initial position { i.e., the white pawn reaches on the a8 square would be promoted to the Rook, as this square is acquired by the Black rook at the initial position }.

But that’s not the TRUTH. The Pawn can be promoted to the desired piece at any of the least-squares.

Usually, the strongest piece is to be promoted, depending on the particular situation.