Chess | Definition | History of Game | Origin to Digital Age of Chess

Chess | Definition | History of Game | Origin to Digital Age of Chess : Hello friends, Welcome to ChessRulers, Today I have come up the complete guide on chess game.

Here I have will tell you what exactly the game of chess is, along with the definition of Chess, which gives you clear idea about the game.

Then we will discuss on how this wonderful game origins, complete history of chess game to know how it gone through the changes over such a long period of time right from the 6th century and even older than that.

The first recognized World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz (known as the Father of Chess), claimed his First title in 1886, and Current World Champion today is Magnus Carlsen.

So, Just read this post carefully, and get to know about this interesting game in this modern era.

What is Chess? Definition of Chess


Chess is a strategic multiplayer-board game that is played between two players on the chessboard, a checkered board with 64 squares in an 8x8 grid.

This game is played with strategies and ideas based on some calculations and tricks all around the world with a lot of courage and intelligence.

At the starting of the game, each player starts with a total of 16 pieces as such there are 32 pieces on the chessboard at the beginning: one king, one queen, two bishops, two knights, two rooks, and eight pawns for each side (16 for the white player and 16 for the black players).

The main objective of the chess game is to checkmate the opponent king, it is a condition when the king is under check (attacked by the opponent piece) and has no space to escape from that check on that move.

This game is somewhat derived from the ancient game called Chaturanga that was an Indian strategy game played by kings and royal people in the old times.

The current modern form of chess has emerged during the second half of the 15th century. Today, chess is one of the most popular games played by millions of people, but this game still has a lot of potentials to grow and reach remote areas of the world.

The Official World Chess Championship Title came into existence in the world of chess by the late 19th century. Almost all the major chess competitions are governed and organized internationally by FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs).

There were many technological innovations in the early stages of its development where the main purpose of many computer scientists was to create chess-playing software or machines which could play a better game with a lot of calculations. Let's know more about the history of chess game in detail.

History of Chess


Chess has a long and interesting history. The Chess Game has undergone many changes from its earliest forms in India.

The Modern Version of the Chess that we play and enjoy in the present time wasn’t known until the 16th century, i.e. after a long time from the Chess invention.

There were no Chess Clocks, not enough standardized Chess Rules, and the Chess Pieces and many other chess components were not standardized as they are today until the 19th century.

Even the Official World Chess Championship Title came into existence in the world of chess by the late 19th century.

This happened shortly after the tournaments were held on such a massive scale. Many players also started developing their unique styles of playing chess.

In today’s world of chess, chess books are an important component of Chess practice for chess players. But there is very interesting history of chess books. Can you imagine chess practice without chess books?

But did you know that the First chess book Chess Made Easy by J. Humphreys back to the 19th century in 1802 was published?

There were no chess books on the openings till 1843, then the opening theory was unknown to the players at that time.

Let’s take a deep look at the history of chess! So, at first start with the origin of chess game in different phases of the development along with the period of time. Below I have given an interesting History of chess for kids as well as young people, so that they could get to know about this history.

Who Invented Chess | When Was Chess Invented?


Chess was First Invented in India in 7th century AD, from where it have been spread to Persia, there it have spread throughout the world. When Arabs conquered Persia, then this game is taken up by this Muslim world and became very popular game in the royal family and played usually to make strategies and do planning for the battles between kingdoms.

The current form of chess have been evolved around the 15th century, after a lot of changes in the chess pieces, chess board, chess strategies, chess rules, chess clocks, chess players, etc, which have shaped this game to its current state.

There are a lot of confusions on the origin of this beautiful game, but most of the sources that we get from earliest texts referring to the origins of chess date from the beginning of the 7th century.

Here I will clarify the mysterious origin of chess and verify this from various trustable sources which have traced the origins of chess such as Pahlavi, Harsha Charita, Chatrang-Namak and many other such ancients texts which tells us a lot of important information about the history of chess game.

The earliest chess book was written by al-Adli ar-Rumi (800–870), a renowned Arab chess player, titled Kitab-Ash-Shatranj (The Book Of Chess).

Early History Of Chess - Timeline


Let’s Know the major events in the History of Chess that had occurred back to early 6th century.

  • 6th century – The game chaturanga (the common ancestor of the board games chessshongixiangqi, and janggi) evolved into its current form around this time in India. This is the starting of the evolution of one of the earliest games in the world.
  • 569 – A Chinese emperor Wu of Northern Zhou wrote a book of xiangqi (Chinese chess), namely Xiang Jing.
  • 600 – Persian game of shatranj, the direct ancestor of modern chess, was mentioned in writing known as the Karnamuk-i-Artakhshatr-i-Papaakan. Shatranj was initially called “Chatrang” in Persian, which was later renamed as the Shatranj.
  • 720 – The game of Chess spreads across the Islamic world from Persia, which is the starting of the spread of the game of chess, which has become very popular all over the world, gradually.
  • 840 – Earliest surviving chess problems by Caliph Billah of England.
  • 900 – Paragraph on Chess in the Chinese work Huan Kwai Lu ( ‘Book of Marvels’).
  • 997 – The Chess is mentioned at this time in the Versus de scachis which spread the influence of the game of chess in Christian Western Europe.
  • 10th century – As Suli introduces the world to Kitab Ash-Shatranj the earliest known work to take a scientific approach to chess strategy.
  • late 10th century – Dark and light squares are introduced on a chessboard in the chess theory.
  • 1173 – It was the first time when the chess games are been recorded by the use of algebraic chess notation
  • 1283 – Alfonso X composed the Libro de Los Juegos with a large collection of chess problems.
  • late 13th century – This was The Era of New Rules Formation. At this time, the new Chess Rule was formulated which allowed the Pawns to move two ranks on the first move.
  • late 14th century – The new rule of the en passant is introduced in chess.
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Introduction Of En passant Rule In Chess

  • 1422 – In this year, the rule of the draw is changed which states that the situation of the stalemate results in the draw.
  • 1471 – The Gottingen manuscript is the first book to deal solely with chess published at this time.
  • 1474 – William Caxton published The first chess book in English called ‘The Game and Playe of Chesse’.
  • 1497 – Luis Ramirez Lucena, the famous Spanish chess player published his first still-existing chess book named Repetición de Amores y Arte de Ajedrez con 101 Juegos de Partido’ in Salamanca, Europe, in this period of time.
  • 1475–1525 – The modern moves for the queen, bishop, and castling are adopted for the official games of chess.

So, these are some of the major events in History of Chess back from its origin to the beginning of 16th century, which have shaped this game and got the major changes in its structure, chess pieces, rules and many other which have shaped the modern chess.

Despite of these major changes in the structure of the game along with the literature as well as theory of chess, there are many other changes which have changed the shape of major chess elements such as chess pieces, their formation material, and many other things which shape this game an international sport.

Continue reading this post, to know the further developments and events in the history of chess in different centuries.

16th Century - 18th Century: Origin of Modern Chess


Till now, we have get to know about the chess origin and how it developed since its origin in India to worldwide sport. After the Fifteen century events in the history of chess, there occurred a lot of major events in the chess history, which have given origin to modern chess.

The game of chess now started playing all around the Asian and European Countries, as America was not known in that time.

Here you will get to know about the major events in the history of chess right from 16th century to 18th century which have given rise to the origin of modern chess. At first see the formation of chess game which I have given below in the beginning of 16th Century.

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Appearance of Chess In 16th Century

  • 1510 Marco Girolamo Vida wrote Scacchia Ludus (The Game Of Chess) with the first reference to the Goddess Of Chess.
  • 1512 – Pedro Damiano published his book named ‘Questo Libro e da imparare giocare a scachi et de li partiti, which focuses on the chess strategy in detail.
  • 1561 – At this Time, Ruy Lopez, The famous Spaniard Chess player, wrote his book Libro de la invención liberal y Arte del Juego del axedrez, in which he coins the word ‘gambit’ to describe opening sacrifices in chess.
  • 1575 – There is a well-known championship held in Madrid which is played between two Italian Players named Giovanni Leonardo and Paolo Boi along with the two Spanish players named Ruy Lopez and Alfonso Ceron. This Tournament was won by Leonardo wins, Boi was the Runner-up, Lopez got the Third position and Ceron had to be satisfied with the fourth position.

Next we are going to discuss the major events in 17th Century, which have further changed the formation of  the game of chess. A lot of manuscripts have been written for the chess game, most of which have been found to belong in this time phase.

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Chess Manuscripts In 17th Century

That's why I will classify this as 'The Age of Chess Manuscripts'.

  • 1620-24 – Gioachino Greco writes several manuscripts on the Chess Strategy. In this, he introduced the first known descriptions of Fool’s Mate and Smothered Mate, as well as in the numerous opening traps in chess. His overall strategy promotes aggressive play. Due to the Greco’s works openings such as the King’s Gambit Accepted or the Giuoco Piano, popularized throughout the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.
  • 1690 – Openings are now systematically classified under a system of chess by the Traité de Lausanne.

After this we have a boom in the chess literature, due to various things which have been introduced in the chess along with a lot of chess concepts.

Now, Let’s know the major events in the History of Chess and its formation in the 18th century. At first, take a look over the algebraic chess notation from this time period. In this time period, chess literature have flourished a lot and many chess theories have started to begin in the chess world.

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Introduction to Algebraic Notation In Chess

  • 1737 – The Famous Syrian Chess player, Philip Stamma published his book named as ‘Essai sur le jeu des échecs’. The main feature of this book is an early form of the algebraic notation (for example, ‘1. e4 e5’ in the modern notation would be written as the ‘p e 5 | p e 5’ in the Stamma’s). The First half of this chess book primarily concerns the opening theory, gambits, and the second half gives a detailed explanation of the endgame theory of chess.
  • 1744 – The famous French Chess player, Francois-Andre Danican Philidor plays two opponents blindfolded in Paris, for the first time in the history of chess.
  • 1745 – Philip Stamma’s work (Essai sur le jeu des échecs’) is translated from French to English, and it is published as ‘The Noble Game Of Chess’ and spread to the large part of the world.
  • 1747 – Philidor decisively defeats Stamma in 8/9 games while visiting London, instantly gaining international fame.
  • 1763 – The Caissa, the chess muse was invented by Sir William Jones at this time.
  • 1783 – Philidor plays three blindfolded games simultaneously with three different strong chess players.

So, these are some of the major events that have occurred during the phase of 16th century to 18th century, which ultimately given rise to the modern chess and have given rise to many new ideas which are not known at the time of its origin.

Some of the ideas that came to known to this world included the Blindfold chess, chess notation and many more new ideas which today also became the core of this sport. But in the upcoming 100 years make chess the real sport and given chess a identity which we are familiar with today.

19th Century: Birth of a Sport


So, these are some of the major events that have occurred during the phase of 16th century to 18th century, which ultimately given rise to the modern chess and have given rise to many new ideas which are not known at the time of its origin.

Some of the ideas that came to known to this world included the Blindfold chess, chess notation and many more new ideas which today also became the core of this sport. But in the upcoming 100 years make chess the real sport and given chess a identity which we are familiar with today.

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Appearance of Chess in 19th Century

  • 1802 – J. Humphreys published the famous American chess book named as the Chess Made Easy.
  • 1824 – The Earliest known British correspondence chess match was held in the city of London.
  • 1834 – Earliest recorded international challenge match was held between Alexander McDonnell (Ireland) and Louis de la Bourbonnais (France) at the Westminster Chess Club, London.
  • 1845 – The use of the Telegraph had been started to transmit moves in a match between London and Portsmouth.
  • 1846 – Deutsche Schachzeitung became the first German chess magazine that was published in Germany.
  • 1848 – The famous incidence of a game played between the blind players happened.
  • 1849 – The history of the chess set came out with a spectacular change at this time. At this time, a wonderful chess set: the Staunton chess set is created by Nathaniel Cooke.
  • 1851 – First international chess tournament was held in London, which was won by Adolf Anderssen, the player of Prussia.
  • 1852 – This time brought a major change in the game of chess. At this time, the chess matches are timed for the first time by the use of Sandglasses.
  • 1857 – The United Kingdom Chess Association was formed which boosted the level of development of chess in the U.K.
  • 1859 – Paul Morphy was declared as an unofficial world champion after two years of international play against the world’s top players in the area of the USA and Europe.
  • 1861 – For the first time the Chess Games are played via the transoceanic cables from Dublin and Liverpool.
  • 1867 – The use of Mechanical game clocks are started in chess games in the official tournaments. Mechanical Chess Clocks is the biggest change in this era of a Chess game. Now the timings of the Chess games could be recorded.
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Emergence Of Mechanical Chess Clocks

  • 1871 – The first chess book on endgames was published by Durand.
  • 1873 – The Neustadtl Score system is used for the first time in the chess tournaments.
  • 1877 – The Deutsche Schachbund was formed in this year. 
  • 1879 – The New Zealand Chess Championship which became the longest-running national chess championship in the world in chess history.
  • 1883 – The Forsyth-Edwards Notation which is a type of notation that was used to describe any possible chess Position of The chessboard, was invented this year.
  • 1886 – First World Chess Championship: The First official World Chess Championship match held between GM Wilhelm Steinitz and GM Johannes Zukertort, which was won by GM Steinitz with the score of 12½–7½ to become the first official world chess champion in Chess History.
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First World Chess Champion Wilhelm Steinitz

  • 1888 – The First international correspondence Chess tournament was organized this year.
  • 1889 – Second World Chess Championship: GM Wilhelm Steinitz successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Havana.
  • 1891 – Third  World Chess Championship: GM Wilhelm Steinitz successfully regains his title in the world championship held in New York.
  • 1892 – Fourth World Chess Championship: GM Wilhelm Steinitz successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Havana.
  • 1894Fifth World Chess ChampionshipGM Emmanuel Lasker defeats GM Wilhelm Steinitz in a world chess championship match to become the fifth official world chess champion held in New York of chess history.
  • 1897 – Sixth World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Moscow.
  • 1899 – Chess clocks now have timeout flags for the first time.
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Chess Clocks By The End of 19th Century

So, these are some of the major events that have occurred during the 19th century, which have made chess a global sport. Here are further development in the game of chess in the 20th century.

20th Century: World War Era (The Domination Period)


Till now, Chess have become the global sport and people all around the world started playing chess, but this have became an era of dominance of one nation, and remain world chess champion in almost whole of the century.

After the death of world champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, an American chess player who have ruled the chess world at the end of 19th Century, and given rise to many chess theory and changed the way of playing chess and that's why Wilhelm Steinitz is known as 'Father of Chess', the domination era starts.

Wilhelm Steinitz have given rise to theories of positional chess, chess tactics, sacrifices, strategy etc., by which earlier famous style of playing chess, which players popularly know it by the term of 'Romantic chess'.

After Wilhelm Steinitz, a German mathematician, Emanuel Lasker claimed the chess title for about 27 years and ruled the chess world in that time period. Now, we will discuss what happened during the rule of this German chess master and how the chess game affected by World Wars, and the world-famous Cold War between USA and Soviets.

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  • 1902 – First radio chess match was played by the players on two American ships.
  • 1904 – The Establishment of the British Chess Federation (BCF).
  • 1907 Seventh World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in the USA.
  • 1908 Eight World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Germany.
  • 1910Ninth World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Germany.
  • 1910 – The famous Cuban Chess Player José Raúl Capablanca is the first chess player to win a major tournament chess tournament that was held in the City of New York by winning all the matches.
  • 1911 – The simultaneous exhibition came into existence in chess with more than 100 participants at a time.
  • 1912Akiba Rubinstein became the first chess Grandmaster in chess world history.
  • 1913 – The invention of the grasshopper as the first fairy chess piece which traced its origin from the Renaissance incidence.
  • 1921 Tenth World Chess Championship: José Raúl Capablanca defeats Emanuel Lasker in Havana to become the tenth official world chess champion.
  • 1924 – Establishment of the international chess federation, Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), which is the most important incident in chess history.
  • 1927 – The First official Chess Olympiad is organized in London.
  • 1927 Eleventh World Chess Championship: Alexander Alekhine defeats Capablanca at Buenos Aires and becomes the eleventh official world chess champion in chess history.
  • 1929 Twelfth World Chess Championship: GM Alexander Alekhine successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Germany and Netherlands.
  • 1934Thirteenth World Chess Championship: The famous Russian Chess GM Alexander Alekhine defeats Capablanca at Buenos Aires and becomes the thirteenth official world chess champion in chess history.
  • 1935Fourteenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Dutch GM Max Euwe wins the world championship title from Alexander Alekhine in the Netherlands and became the fourteenth official world chess champion.
  • 1937Fifteenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Alexander Alekhine wins the world championship title from Max Euwe in the Netherlands and became the fifteenth official world chess champion.
  • 1937 – Famous Belgium born American Chess Player George Koltanowski sets a world record for simultaneous blindfold play against 34 opponents.
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George Koltanowski

  • 1948 Sixteenth World Chess Championship: The famous Soviet chess player Mikhail Botvinnik wins the 1948 World Chess Championship, which was held at The Hague (Netherlands) and Moscow (USSR) and became the sixteenth official world chess champion of chess history.
  • 1950 – The Official Titles of the International Grandmaster (GM) and International Master (IM) were introduced by the FIDE  to indicate the chess achievements of the chess player for the first time in chess history.
  • 1951 –  Seventeenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Mikhail Botvinnik wins the world championship title held in Moscow and became the seventeenth official world chess champion.
  • 1951 – The first World Junior Chess Championship held for the players of the age under 20 years. In which Borislav Ivkov won the First World Junior Chess Champion Title.
  • 1954 Eighteenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Mikhail Botvinnik wins the world championship title held in Moscow and became the eighteenth official world chess champion.
  • 1957 Nineteenth World Chess Championship: The famous Soviet Chess player Vasily Smyslov defeats USSR player Botvinnik and becomes the Nineteenth official world chess champion of chess history.
  • 1958 Twentieth World Chess Championship: GM Mikhail Botvinnik defeats Smyslov in a rematch by the score 12½–10½ to regain the title of World Chess Champion.
  • 1958 – The Famous Chess player Bobby Fischer qualifies for the 1959 Candidates Match, becoming the youngest ever Grandmaster. This record would stand until 1991.
  • 1960 Twenty-First World Chess Championship: The Famous USSR chess player Mikhail Tal, who is known as the ‘magician of the chess’ defeats GM Botvinnik to become the eighth official world champion and the youngest-ever world champion (a record later broken by Garry Kasparov, who earned the title at 22) in chess history.
  • 1961 Twenty-Second World Chess Championship: Botvinnik defeats Mikhail Tal in a rematch to regain the title.
  • 1963 Twenty-Third World Chess Championship: GM Tigran Petrosian defeats GM Botvinnik 12½–9½ to become the Twenty Third World Chess Champion of chess history.
  • 1966 Twenty-Fourth World Chess Championship: GM Tigran Petrosian retains its title of The World Chess Champion.
  • 1967 – The famous Denmark player Bent Larsen won the Sousse Interzonal. Bent Larsen also wins the first Chess Oscar.
  • 1969 Twenty-Fifth World Chess Championship: The Russian Chess GM Boris Spassky defeats GM Petrosian to become the Twenty-Fifth World Chess Champion in Chess History held in Moscow.
  • 1972 Twenty-Sixth World Chess Championship: GM Bobby Fischer beats GM Boris Spassky for the World Chess Championship 1972. Due to its status as the Cold War sporting confrontation, this chess game received an unprecedented level of publicity worldwide and Bobby Fisher became the twenty-sixth World Chess Champion of chess history.
  • 1975Twenty-Seventh World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian Chess GM Anatoly Karpov becomes the twenty-seventh World Chess Champion in Manila of chess history without having defeated the reigning champion as Fischer forfeits his crown.
  • 1978Twenty-Eighth World Chess Championship: GM Anatoly Karpov retains its title of The World Chess Champion.
  • 1978 – The Female Soviet Chess player Nona Gaprindashvili wins the Men’s Tournament, held at Lone PineNona Gaprindashvili becomes the first woman to become the FIDE Chess Grandmaster title.
  • 1978 – The Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) introduced the FIDE Master (FM) as a chess title below International Master.
  • 1978 – The Sargon is the first chess-playing software that was developed for personal computers.
  • 1981 Twenty-Ninth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Anatoly Karpov defeats Viktor Korchnoi to retain the title of World Chess Champion.
  • 1985 Thirtieth World Chess Championship: Russian Chess GM Garry Kasparov defeats GM Anatoly Karpov to become the thirtieth World Chess Champion in Moscow, and then dominates the chess world for the next 15 years.
  • 1986-1995GM Garry Kasparov dominated the chess world by winning all the world chess Championships.
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Garry Kasparov Dominated The Chess World

  • 1991 – The World Famous Hungary player Judit Polgár becomes the youngest ever Chess Grandmaster, breaking Bobby Fischer’s record by about a month.
  • 1993 – A beautiful motion picture “Searching for Bobby Fischer” released on the famous Chess, GM Bobby Fischer.
  • 1993 – Two famous Chess Players GM Garry Kasparov (Russia) and GM Nigel Short (England) break from FIDE to play their world championship match, forming the Professional Chess Association (PCA) in the year 1993.
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Garry Kasparov & Nigel Short Founded PCA

  • 1996 – The AI Deep Blue is the first chess-playing computer to beat the reigning world champion, Garry Kasparov, under normal chess tournament conditions.
  • 1997 – The Strongest World Chess Champion GM Garry Kasparov loses a rematch to chess supercomputer Deep Blue (2½–3½), becoming the first World Champion to win any match to a computer.
  • 1999 – GM Garry Kasparov becomes the first Chess player who plays and wins against The World whose moves were determined by the plurality of vote via the Internet.
  • 2000 Thirty Sixth World Chess Championship: The Defending World Champion GM Garry Kasparov loses his title to the Russian GM Vladimir Kramnik (8½–6½). So, GM Kramnik became the thirty-sixth World Chess Champion in Chess History.

So, these are some of the major events in the history of chess in 20th century which have given rise to many chess theory and have changed the chess to somewhat like what we know today. Now, let's have a look what major events occurred in this century, which have completely changed this game to such an extent which no one can even think of at the starting of this game. So, let's have a look on them!

21st Century: Birth of Online Chess (Modern Chess Era)


Now, we will have a look on how post-cold-war era and technological advancement in the world have changed this game a lot. let's have a look on those major events in the modern history of chess.

  • 2001 – This year could be considered as the turning point in chess history. This year, Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) introduced the world with the shortened time controls for the knockout World Chess Championship held later in that year.
  • 2002 – The Russian Chess player Sergey Karjakin sets the world record of being the youngest ever Chess Grandmaster at age 12 years and 7 months.
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GM Sergey Karjakin

  • 2003 – GM Garry Kasparov battles with two AI Deep Junior and X3D Fritz in two different matches which results in draws. These chess battles were considered as the last human-computer chess matches that did not end in the victory of the AI machines.
  • 2004 – The Uzbekistan Chess GM Rustam Kasimdzhanov defeats the English Chess GM Michael Adams in the final match winning the title of the FIDE World Chess Champion 2004.
  • 2004 – GM Vladimir Kramnik successfully defends his title in the Classical World Chess Championship 2004 against the GM Peter Leko of Hungary.
  • 2005 World Chess Championship 2005: The Bulgarian Chess GM Veselin Topalov wins the FIDE World Chess Championship 2005.
  • 2006 – World Chess Championship reunited.
  • 2007 World Chess Championship 2007: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand becomes the fifteenth World Chess Champion after winning the World Chess Championship 2007 tournament held in Mexico City. Vishy Anand finished the tournament with a score of 9/14 (+4 −0 =10).
  • 2008 – The Death of the famous chess player Bobby Fischer.
  • 2008 – World Chess Championship 2008: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand successfully defends his World Chess Champion title against GM Vladimir Kramnik in the World Chess Championship 2008.
  • 2010 – World Chess Championship 2010: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand successfully defends his World Chess Champion title against GM Veselin Topalov in the World Chess Championship 2008.
  • 2012 World Chess Championship 2012: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand successfully defends his World Chess Champion title against GM Boris Gelfand in the World Chess Championship 2012.
  • 2012 Magnus Carlsen achieved a record-breaking ELO rating of 2861 surpassing Garry Kasparov’s record of 2851.
  • 2013 World Chess Championship 2013: The Norway Chess GM Magnus Carlsen defeated India GM Vishy Anand winning the Title of World Chess Champion 2013 held in India.
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GM Magnus Carlsen

  • 2014 – 2018GM Magnus Carlsen has dominated the chess world by winning All the World Chess Championship Titles.
  • 2019-2020 – Magnus Carlsen set a world record of longest unbeaten streak at the elite level in the classical chess format with a Long streak of 120 games unbeaten.
  • 2020 - Online Chess Olympiad 2020 was organized where India and Russia Became Joint champions due to online server crash.
  • 2020-2021 - Corona Outbreak Happened in the world and all the official Chess matches have been shifted to online platforms, and conducted smoothly, which have given rise in chess players to 4X.

So, these are some of the major events in the history of chess in 21st century which have given rise to online chess and attacking chess theories. Many players started giving online lectures to build a strong chess community. We hope we could see major events in chess in the future, so that It could also gain the popularity and become a core sport like cricket and hockey in all over the world.

FAQs Related to History of Chess


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Final Words


So, these are some of the major events in the history of chess right from the origin of chess to the modern era of chess in 21st century which have given rise to online chess and many interesting chess theories.

Now, you can see how many changes have undergone and a lot of players like Wilhelm Steinitz and Gary Kasparov contributed to make chess in the form which we know today.

I hope you have enjoyed this interesting journey of chess. Let me know in the comments below which you thinks is the most crucial moment for the chess history. Thanks for Reading!

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