History Of Chess: Complete Journey

(Origin-21st Century)


This is an complete history of chess game ranging from its origin to 21st century that makes you clear some of the myths prevailing in our society.

Here at first I will tell you about the origin of chess with some of the historical evidences that proves the origin of chess far before the 6th century AD.

Here I will cover the major events in the history of chess that will also give you a beautiful highlights of chess pieces, art and culture of chess, and major players that have done awesome performance in their times

Chess have evolved a lot during these years and will take a new form of excellence in the upcoming years also.

This guide will also show you how the structure of chess board and chess pieces have changed and the original pieces of chess have been buried somewhere in the history.

So if you want to read the complete chess history to know how chess originated and evolved over the time, you’ll love this updated guide.

The History Of Chess

Contents


Major Chess History Highlights

Chapter 1

Highlights of Chess History

Origin of Chess Game

Chapter 2

Origin of Chess

History of Chess (6-16 Century)

Chapter 3

Early History of Chess

Medieval History of Chess (17-19 Century)

Chapter 4

Medieval History of Chess

Modern History of Chess

Chapter 5

Modern History of Chess

Chapter 1:

Highlights of Chess History


Here I will give you a quick overview of complete history of chess that will give you a glimpse of this massive chess history.

Chess has a long and interesting history. The Chess Game has undergone many changes from its earliest forms in India.

Let's discuss the complete background around the history of chess.

Major Chess History Highlights

Background Of Chess History

The Modern Version of the Chess Game that we play and enjoy in the present time wasn’t known until the 16th century, i.e. after a long time from the Chess invention.

There were no Chess Clocks, not enough standardized Chess Rules, and the Chess Pieces and many other chess components were not standardized as they are today until the 19th century.

Even the Official World Chess Championship Title came into existence in the world of chess by the late 19th century.

This game is somewhat derived from the ancient game called chaturanga that was Indian strategy game played by kings and royal people in the old times.

In today’s world of chess, chess books are an important component of Chess practice for chess players.

Can you imagine chess practice without chess books?

But that's a truth that the first chess book Chess Made Easy by J. Humphreys back to the 19th century in 1802 was published?

There were no chess books on the openings till 1843, then the opening theory was unknown to the players at that time.

A 2012 survey found that "chess players now make up one of the largest communities in the world: 605 million adults play chess regularly". Chess is played at least once a year by 12% of British people, 15% of Americans, 23% of Germans, 43% of Russians, and 70% of Indian people in the ABC1 demographic.

Let’s take a deep look at the history of chess!

Chapter 2:

Historical Evidences Of Chess Origin


Here I will give you a quick overview of complete history of chess that will give you a glimpse of this massive chess history.

But there are a lot of beliefs prevailing in our society about origin of Chess.

We have also researched for a historical evidences of chess that prove these beliefs and folk tales of people.

If you really want to know the actual origin of chess, then you'll love this chapter.

Origin of Chess Game

3 Major Chess History Myths Debunked

Here I will tell you about the 3 major myths that are prevailing in the society. I have the historical evidences that could challenge this myth. Let's debunk those myths now!

1

There is a strong belief prevailing in the society and over the Internet that the game of Chess originated about the 6th century AD.

But is that truth that such an ancient game had been played only in 6th century? Not at all!

Our historical evidences proved that chess game was played in the period of Mahabharata. This myth have been debunked in the Arthashastra written by world's famous strategist Chanakya.

That's why, we take Arthashastra as the major historical evidence of our history of chess.

Kautilya Arthashastra - Chess Evidence

In this he have described the game of chess as the game of peace and war and that version of chess was played very similar to the today's war between countries in the modern world.

2

Second myth prevailing in the society is that it was originated in the Gupta Empire but we have found that some of the historical evidences that proved that there are some traces of this chess game in the Indus Valley civilization.

Archaeological findings from Egypt proved more complex version of board games such as of chess dated back in the 3500 BC. One of these, Senet, was more like chess, because two players played it on a squared board but they still threw dice to play it.

Ancient Egyptians playing Senet board game (3500 BC)

Ancient Egyptians playing Senet (3500 BC)

Another findings of a royal game that was very similar to chess was found at Sumer city of Ur that was predicted to be dated back from 2600 BC could surely change the perspective of people towards the history of chess.

the Royal Game of Ur 2600 BC

The Royal Game of Ur (2600 BC)

These historical findings not only debunk this myth but also give you a glimpse of origin of chess game.

3

Third Myth that was prevailing is that the chess game have traced his origin from ancient Indian game called chaturanga (6th century). But that's impossible!

We have found some historical evidences of Chess in the Indus Valley Civilizations in the major cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Here are those evidences that are predicted to be from Bronze Age (3300 BCE - 2600 BCE).

Here are those historical evidences that we found related to chess from Harappa Civilizations gave rise to the oldest history of chess. 

Harrapan chessboard

Chess like board and pieces from Harappa (Indus Valley 1500 BC)

Mohenjo-Daro chessboard

Board game from Mohenjo Daro (IndusValley 2600 BC)

At the time when chaturanga was flourishing in the northwestern India by the 6th-7th century, another similar games was also flourishing in the world that are considered as the emergence of board games in those countries in the form of chessshongixiangqi, and janggi in various parts of the world who believe chaturanga as their common ancestor.

Chinese chess xiangqi board game

Chinese chess xiangqi board game

Chess was a very popular game in the Harappan civilization. Following is an excerpt from the Lothal Excavation findings (1985 edition), published by the Archaeological Society of India:

Lothal Excavation findings (1985 edition)
Lothal Excavation findings By Archaeological Society of India

Here is one more evidence that we got from an article published By Haaretz World’s Oldest Surviving Chess Piece Unearthed in Jordan that chess have very long history.

Chapter 3:

Early History Of Chess (6th-16th Century)


The Chess came into existence in the 6th century AD.

The Chess Game is an ancient game, approximately 1500 years old. This game originated in northern India in the 6th century AD as Chaturanga and spread to Persia.

In this chapter, I will cover up all the major events of earliest history of chess right from its origin.

So, if you are a fan of historical things and deep background of any famous thing, then you'll really love this chapter.

History of Chess (6-16 Century)

Timeline Of Early History Of Chess

As you have seen that the game of chess have traced its origin from the time of Mahabharata and Indus Valley Civilizations. But until 6th century, the development of chess was very minimal. But after the sixth century, when Gupta Empire originated in India, then chess have also started changing its shape and culture.

But still you won't believe that the chess we play now was not like this in the 9th-10th century. Some Historians have found the form of chess that was prevalent in the society. The chess pieces was not like this we know today, as you can see it in the below given images.

9th century Chess pieces evidences of Nishapur
Chess pieces evidences of Nishapur from 9th century

Now, let's discuss the history of chess from 6th century to 16th century period.

6th century – The game chaturanga (the common ancestor of the board games chess, shongi, xiangqi, and janggi) evolved into its current form around this time in India. This is the starting of the evolution of one of the earliest games in the world.

Liubo is an ancient Chinese board game of two-players. Next is Shatranj that is an old form of chess which originated from Sassanid Persia. These both gave rise to chess and our interesting history of chess.

Chaturanga: The Ancient Chess

Chaturanga: The Ancient Chess

  • 569 – A Chinese emperor Wu of Northern Zhou wrote a book of xiangqi (Chinese chess), namely Xiang Jing.
  • 600 – Persian game of Shatranj, the direct ancestor of modern chess, was mentioned in writing known as the Karnamuk-i-Artakhshatr-i-Papaakan. Shatranj was initially called “Chatrang” in Persian, which was later renamed as the Shatranj.
  • 720 – The game of Chess spreads across the Islamic world from Persia, which is the starting of the spread of the game of chess, which has become very popular all over the world, gradually.
  • 840 – Earliest surviving chess problems by Caliph Billah of England.
  • 900 – Paragraph on Chess in the Chinese work Huan Kwai Lu ( ‘Book of Marvels’).
  • 997 – The Chess is mentioned at this time in the Versus de scachis which spread the influence of the game of chess in Christian Western Europe.
  • 10th century – As Suli introduces the world to Kitab Ash-Shatranj the earliest known work to take a scientific approach to chess strategy.
  • late 10th century – Dark and light squares are introduced on a chessboard in the chess theory.
  • 1173 – It was the first time when the chess games are been recorded by the use of algebraic chess notation
  • 12th century: Iranian Shatranj was emerging this time and with the passage of time it have become another symbol of Indian culture. At the present moment it has been preserved in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Iranian Shatranj set 12th century (New York Metropolitan Museum of Art)

Iranian Shatranj set 12th century (New York Metropolitan Museum of Art)

  • 1283 – Alfonso X composed the Libro de Los Juegos with a large collection of chess problems.
  • late 13th century – This was The Era of New Rules Formation. At this time, the new Chess Rule was formulated which allowed the Pawns to move two ranks on the first move.
  • late 14th century – The new rule of the en passant is introduced in chess.
How To Do Enpassent Move In Chess

How To Do Enpassent In Chess?

  • 1422 – In this year, the rule of the draw is changed which states that the situation of the stalemate results in the draw.
Stalemate rule in chess

Introduction of Stalemate rule in Chess

  • 1471 – The Gottingen manuscript is the first book to deal solely with chess published at this time.
Gottingen manuscript - First Chess Book

Gottingen manuscript - First Chess Book

The Game and Playe of Chesse

The Game and Playe of Chesse

1497 – Luis Ramirez Lucena, the famous Spanish chess player published his first still-existing chess book named ‘Repetición de Amores y Arte de Ajedrez con 101 Juegos de Partido’ in Salamanca, Europe, in this period of time.

1475–1525 – The modern moves for the queen, bishop, and castling are adopted for the official games of chess.

Appearance of Chess in 16th century

Appearance of Chess in 16th century

These are some of the major events in the history of chess in the time period between 6th century to 16th century. Now, we will discuss the major events in the time period between the middle history chess.

Here is a summary of chess history ranging from 6th century to around 16th century.

History Of Chess

Chapter 4:

Medieval History Of Chess (17th-19th Century)


Now that you have seen the basic development in the history of chess in the time period of 6th century to 16th century.

In this chapter, I am going to tell you the development that this chess game have undergone in 300 years from the beginning of 17th century to the end of 19th century.

So, if you are wondered to know how chess have evolved to the structure we know in the today's world but the there is lot of difference in the rules and style of playing chess until today, then you’ll love this chapter.

Medieval History of Chess (17-19 Century)

Events In History of Chess In 17th Century

Now, Let’s know the major events in the History of Chess and its formation in the 17th century. So, let’s take a look over some of the Manuscripts from this time period.

1620-24 – Gioachino Greco writes several manuscripts on the Chess Strategy. In this, he introduced the first known descriptions of Fool’s Mate and Smothered Mate, as well as in the numerous opening traps in chess. His overall strategy promotes aggressive play. Due to the Greco’s works openings such as the King’s Gambit Accepted or the Giuoco Piano, popularized throughout the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.

Manuscript of Chess From 17th Century

Manuscript of Chess From 17th Century

  • 1634 – Alessandro Salvio publishes the II Puttinoa book that describes the  Italian Chess Masters of the previous century.
  • 1690 – Openings are now systematically classified under a system of chess by the Traité de Lausanne.
  • Events In History of Chess In 18th Century

    Now, Let’s know the major events in the History of Chess and its formation in the 18th century. At first, take a look over the algebraic chess notation from this time period.

    1737 – The Famous Syrian Chess player, Philip Stamma published his book named as ‘Essai sur le jeu des échecs’. The main feature of this book is an early form of the algebraic notation (for example, ‘1. e4 e5’ in the modern notation would be written as the ‘p e 5 | p e 5’ in the Stamma’s). The First half of this chess book primarily concerns the opening theory, gambits, and the second half gives a detailed explanation of the endgame theory of chess.

    Essai sur le jeu des échecs by Philip Stamma

    Essai sur le jeu des échecs by Philip Stamma

    • 1744 – The famous French Chess player, Francois-Andre Danican Philidor plays two opponents blindfolded in Paris, for the first time in the history of chess.
    André_Danicant_Philidor

    André Danicant Philidor

    • 1745 – Philip Stamma’s work (Essai sur le jeu des échecs’)  is translated from French to English, and it is published as ‘The Noble Game Of Chess’ and spread to the large part of the world.
    • 1747 – Philidor decisively defeats Stamma in 8/9 games while visiting London, instantly gaining international fame.
    • 1763 – The Caissa, the chess muse was invented by Sir William Jones at this time.
    • 1783 – Philidor plays three blindfolded games simultaneously with three different strong chess players.

    Here is a popular blindfold chess game played by Philidor.

    Events In History of Chess In 19th Century

    Now, Let’s know the major events in the History of Chess and its formation in the 19th century.

    Ivory Chess Sets shines in this time of chess as a part of a beautiful chess sculpture. They were made from pure ivory of animals and were very expensive.

    Appearance Of Chess Game In 19th Century

    Appearance Of Chess Game In 19th Century

    • 1802 – J. Humphreys published the famous American chess book named as the Chess Made Easy.
    • 1824 – The Earliest known British correspondence chess match was held in the city of London.
    • 1834 – Earliest recorded international challenge match was held between Alexander McDonnell (Ireland) and Louis de la Bourdonnais (France) at the Westminster Chess Club, London.
    • 1845 – The use of the Telegraph had been started to transmit moves in a match between London and Portsmouth.
    • 1846 – Deutsche Schachzeitung became the first German chess magazine that was published in Germany.
    Deutsche Schachzeitung chess magazine

    Deutsche Schachzeitung chess magazine

    • 1848 – The famous incidence of a game played between the blind players happened.
    • 1849 – The history of the chess set came out with a spectacular change at this time. At this time, a wonderful chess set: the Staunton chess set created by Nathaniel Cooke.
    Staunton chess set in 1849

    Staunton chess set in 1849

    • 1851 – First international chess tournament was held in London, which was won by Adolf Anderssen, the player of Prussia.
    • 1852 – This time brought a major change in the game of chess. At this time, the chess matches are timed for the first time by the use of Sandglasses.
    use of Sandglasses in chess match

    Use of Sandglasses in chess match

    • 1857 – The United Kingdom Chess Association was formed which boosted the level of development of chess in the U.K.
    • 1859 – Paul Morphy was declared as an unofficial world champion after two years of international play against the world’s top players in the area of the USA and Europe.
    • 1861 – For the first time the Chess Games are played via the transoceanic cables from Dublin and Liverpool.
    • 1867 – The use of Mechanical game clocks are started in chess games in the official tournaments. Mechanical Chess Clocks is the biggest change in this era of a Chess game. Now the timings of the Chess games could be recorded.
    Mechanical Chess Clocks

    Mechanical Chess Clocks

    • 1871 – The first chess book on endgames was published by Durand.
    • 1873 – The Neustadtl Score system is used for the first time in the chess tournaments.
    • 1877 – The Deutsche Schachbund was formed in this year.
    • 1879 – The New Zealand Chess Championship which became the longest-running national chess championship in the world in chess history.
    • 1883 – The Forsyth-Edwards Notation which is a type of notation that was used to describe any possible chess Position of The chessboard, was invented this year.
    • 1886 – First World Chess Championship: The First official World Chess Championship match held between GM Wilhelm Steinitz and GM Johannes Zukertort, which was won by GM Steinitz with the score of 12½–7½ to become the first official world chess champion in Chess History.
    Wilhelm Steinitz

    Wilhelm Steinitz

    • 1888 – The First international correspondence Chess tournament was organized this year.
    • 1889Second World Chess Championship: GM Wilhelm Steinitz successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Havana.
    • 1891Third World Chess Championship: GM Wilhelm Steinitz successfully regains his title in the world championship held in New York.
    • 1892Fourth World Chess Championship: GM Wilhelm Steinitz successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Havana.
    • 1894Fifth World Chess Championship: GM Emmanuel Lasker defeats GM Wilhelm Steinitz in a world chess championship match to become the fifth official world chess champion held in New York of chess history.
    Emmanuel Lasker

    Emmanuel Lasker

    • 1897Sixth World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Moscow.
    • 1899 – Chess clocks now have timeout flags for the first time.
    Introduction of flags on chess clock

    Introduction of flags on chess clock

    Chapter 5:

    Modern History Of Chess (20th Century - Present)


    Now that you have seen the major development in the history of chess in the time period of 17th century to 16th century.

    In this chapter, I am going to tell you the development that this chess game have undergone in 300 years from the beginning of 17th century to the end of 19th century.

    So, if you are wondered to know how chess have evolved to the structure we know in the today's world but the there is lot of difference in the rules and style of playing chess until today, then you’ll love this chapter.

    Modern History of Chess

    Events In History of Chess In 20th Century

    Now, Let’s know the major events in the History of Chess and its formation in the 20th century. So, let’s take a look over some of the chess clocks and world chess champions from this time period.

    • 1902 – First radio chess match was played by the players on two American ships.
    First radio chess match

    First radio chess match

    • 1904 – The Establishment of the British Chess Federation (BCF), which is currently known as English Chess Federation (ECF).
    English Chess Federation (ECF)

    English Chess Federation (ECF)

    • 1907Seventh World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in the USA.
    • 1908Eight World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Germany.
    • 1910Ninth World Chess Championship: GM Emanuel Lasker successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Germany.
    • 1910 – The famous Cuban Chess Player José Raúl Capablanca is the first chess player to win a major chess tournament that was held in the City of New York by winning all the matches.
    José Raúl Capablanca

    José Raúl Capablanca

    • 1911 – The simultaneous exhibition came into existence in chess with more than 100 participants at a time.
    • 1912Akiba Rubinstein became the first chess Grandmaster in chess world history.
    Akiba Rubinstein

    Akiba Rubinstein

    • 1913 – The invention of the grasshopper as the first fairy chess piece which traced its origin from the Renaissance incidence.
    Grasshopper first fairy chess piece

    Grasshopper first fairy chess piece

    • 1921Tenth World Chess Championship: José Raúl Capablanca defeats Emmanuel Lasker in Havana to become the tenth official world chess champion.
    • 1924 – Establishment of the international chess federation, Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE), which is the most important incident in chess history.
    Establishment Of Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE)

    Establishment Of Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE)

    • 1927 – Introduction of Women Titles brings the emergence of women in the field of chess.
    History of Women Chess Titles
    • 1927 – The First official Chess Olympiad is organized in London.
    • 1927Eleventh World Chess Championship: Alexander Alekhine defeats Capablanca at Buenos Aires and becomes the eleventh official world chess champion in chess history.
    • 1929Twelfth World Chess Championship: GM Alexander Alekhine successfully regains his title in World Championship Held in Germany and Netherlands.
    • 1934Thirteenth World Chess Championship: The famous Russian Chess GM Alexander Alekhine defeats Capablanca at Buenos Aires and becomes the thirteenth official world chess champion in chess history.
    Alexander Alekhine

    Alexander Alekhine

    • 1935Fourteenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Dutch GM Max Euwe wins the world championship title from Alexander Alekhine in the Netherlands and became the fourteenth official world chess champion.
    • 1937Fifteenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Alexander Alekhine wins the world championship title from Max Euwe in the Netherlands and became the fifteenth official world chess champion.
    Max Euwe

    Max Euwe

    • 1937 – Famous Belgium born American Chess Player George Koltanowski sets a world record for simultaneous blindfold play against 34 opponents.
    George Koltanowski

    George Koltanowski

    George Koltanowski world record for simultaneous blindfold
    • 1948Sixteenth World Chess Championship: The famous Soviet chess player Mikhail Botvinnik wins the 1948 World Chess Championship, which was held at The Hague (Netherlands) and Moscow (USSR) and became the sixteenth official world chess champion of chess history.
    Mikhail Botvinnik

    Mikhail Botvinnik

    • 1950 – The Official Titles of the International Grandmaster (IM) and Grandmaster Master (GM) were introduced by the FIDE to indicate the chess achievements of the chess player for the first time in chess history.
    • 1950 - FIDE also introduced separate Women International Master (WIM) Title that could be achieved by any Women chess player at the level of 2200 ELO Rating.
    • 1951Seventeenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Mikhail Botvinnik wins the world championship title held in Moscow and became the seventeenth official world chess champion.
    • 1951 – The first World Junior Chess Championship held for the players of the age under 20 years. In which Borislav Ivkov won the First World Junior Chess Champion Title.
    Borislav Ivkov

    Borislav Ivkov

    • 1954Eighteenth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Mikhail Botvinnik wins the world championship title held in Moscow and became the eighteenth official world chess champion.
    • 1957Nineteenth World Chess Championship: The famous Soviet Chess player Vasily Smyslov defeats USSR player Botvinnik and becomes the Nineteenth official world chess champion in history of chess.
    Vasily Smyslov

    Vasily Smyslov

    • 1958 – Twentieth World Chess Championship: GM Mikhail Botvinnik defeats Smyslov in a rematch by the score 12½–10½ to regain the title of World Chess Champion.
    • 1958 – The Famous Chess player Bobby Fischer qualifies for the 1959 Candidates Match, becoming the youngest ever Grandmaster. This record would stand until 1991.
    Bobby Fischer

    Bobby Fischer

    • 1960Twenty-First World Chess Championship: The Famous USSR chess player Mikhail Tal, who is known as the ‘magician of the chess’ defeats GM Botvinnik to become the eighth official world champion and the youngest-ever world champion (a record later broken by Garry Kasparov, who earned the title at 22) in chess history.

    Mikhail Tal is known as the most dangerous player in the history of chess.

    Mikhail Tal

    Mikhail Tal

    • 1961Twenty-Second World Chess Championship: Botvinnik defeats Mikhail Tal in a rematch to regain the title.
    • 1963Twenty-Third World Chess Championship: GM Tigran Petrosian defeats GM Botvinnik 12½–9½ to become the Twenty Third World Chess Champion of chess history.
    Tigran Petrosian

    Tigran Petrosian

    • 1966Twenty-Fourth World Chess Championship: GM Tigran Petrosian retains its title of The World Chess Champion.
    • 1967 – The famous Denmark player Bent Larsen won the Sousse Interzonal. Bent Larsen also wins the first Chess Oscar.
    Bent Larsen

    Bent Larsen

    • 1969Twenty-Fifth World Chess Championship: The Russian Chess GM Boris Spassky defeats GM Petrosian to become the Twenty-Fifth World Chess Champion in Chess History held in Moscow.
    Boris Spassky

    Boris Spassky

    • 1972Twenty-Sixth World Chess Championship: GM Bobby Fischer beats GM Boris Spassky for the World Chess Championship 1972. Due to its status as the Cold War sporting confrontation, this chess game received an unprecedented level of publicity worldwide and Bobby Fisher became the twenty-sixth World Chess Champion of chess history.
    Bobby Fischer Became World Chess Champion
    • 1975Twenty-Seventh World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian Chess GM Anatoly Karpov becomes the twenty-seventh World Chess Champion in Manila of chess history without having defeated the reigning champion as Fischer forfeits his crown.
    • 1978Twenty-Eighth World Chess Championship: GM Anatoly Karpov retains its title of The World Chess Champion.
    Anatoly Karpov Became Champion

    Anatoly Karpov Became Champion

    • 1978 – The Female Soviet Chess player Nona Gaprindashvili wins the Men’s Tournament, held at Lone Pine. Nona Gaprindashvili becomes the first woman to become the FIDE Chess Grandmaster title.
    Nona Gaprindashvili

    Nona Gaprindashvili

    • 1978 – The Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) introduced the FIDE Master (FM) as a chess title below International Master.
    • 1978 – The Sargon is the first chess-playing software that was developed for personal computers.
    Sargon chess playing software

    Sargon chess playing software

    • 1981Twenty-Ninth World Chess Championship: The Famous Russian GM Anatoly Karpov defeats Viktor Korchnoi to retain the title of World Chess Champion.
    • 1985Thirtieth World Chess Championship: Russian Chess GM Garry Kasparov defeats GM Anatoly Karpov to become the thirtieth World Chess Champion in Moscow, and then dominates the chess world for the next 15 years.
    • 1986-1995 – GM Garry Kasparov dominated the chess world by winning all the world chess Championships. Garry Kasparov is known as the most popular player in the history of chess.
    Garry Kasparov

    Garry Kasparov

    • 1991 – The World Famous Hungary player Judit Polgár becomes the youngest ever Chess Grandmaster, breaking Bobby Fischer’s record by about a month.
    Judit Polgar

    Judit Polgar

    • 1993 – A beautiful motion picture “Searching for Bobby Fischer” released on the famous Chess, GM Bobby Fischer. This is the first picture made on any chess player in the history of chess.
    Searching for Bobby Fischer

    Searching for Bobby Fischer

    • 1993 – Two famous Chess Players GM Garry Kasparov (Russia) and GM Nigel Short (England) break from FIDE to play their world championship match, forming the Professional Chess Association (PCA) in the year 1993.
    Formation of PCA

    Formation of PCA

    • 1996 – The AI Deep Blue is the first chess-playing computer to beat the reigning world champion, Garry Kasparov, under normal chess tournament conditions.
    • 1997 – The Strongest World Chess Champion GM Garry Kasparov loses a rematch to chess supercomputer Deep Blue (2½–3½), becoming the first World Champion to lose a match to a computer.
    • 1999 – GM Garry Kasparov becomes the first Chess player who plays and wins against The World whose moves were determined by the plurality of vote via the Internet.
    • 2000Thirty Sixth World Chess Championship: The Defending World Champion GM Garry Kasparov loses his title to the Russian GM Vladimir Kramnik (8½–6½). So, GM Kramnik became the Classical World Chess Champion in Chess History.
    Vladimir Kramnik

    Vladimir Kramnik

    • 2000 – Indian Chess Grandmaster Viswanathan Anand have emerged as the most emerging chess player in the chess world. This is also known as the period of rise of India in the world of chess. Vishy Anand Won his first World Championship in his career.
    Viswanathan Anand World Chess Champion

    Viswanathan Anand World Chess Champion

    Events In History of Chess In 20th Century

    Now, Let’s know the major events in the History of Chess and its formation in the 20th century. So, let’s take a look over some of the chess clocks and world chess champions from this time period.

    • 2001 – This year could be considered as the turning point in chess history. This year, Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) introduced the world with the shortened time controls for the knockout World Chess Championship held later in that year.
    • 2002 – The Russian Chess player Sergey Karjakin sets the world record of being the youngest ever Chess Grandmaster at age 12 years and 7 months. Sergey Karjakin holds this world record till now.
    Sergey Karjakin Youngest Chess Grandmaster

    Sergey Karjakin Youngest Chess Grandmaster

    • 2003 – GM Garry Kasparov battles with two AI Deep Junior and X3D Fritz in two different matches which results in draws. These chess battles were considered as the last human-computer chess matches that did not end in the victory of the AI machines.
    • 2004 – The Uzbekistan Chess GM Rustam Kasimdzhanov defeats the English Chess GM Michael Adams in the final match winning the title of the FIDE World Chess Champion 2004.
    Rustam Kasimdzhanov

    Rustam Kasimdzhanov

    • 2004 – GM Vladimir Kramnik successfully defends his title in the Classical World Chess Championship 2004 against the GM Peter Leko of Hungary.
    • 2005World Chess Championship 2005: The Bulgarian Chess GM Veselin Topalov wins the FIDE World Chess Championship 2005.
    Veselin Topalov

    Veselin Topalov

    • 2006 – World Chess Championship reunited.
    • 2007World Chess Championship 2007: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand becomes the fifteenth World Chess Champion after winning the World Chess Championship 2007 tournament held in Mexico City. Vishy Anand finished the tournament with a score of 9/14 (+4 −0 =10).
    • 2008 – The Death of the famous chess player Bobby Fischer.
    • 2008World Chess Championship 2008: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand successfully defends his World Chess Champion title against GM Vladimir Kramnik in the World Chess Championship 2008.
    • 2010World Chess Championship 2010: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand successfully defends his World Chess Champion title against GM Veselin Topalov in the World Chess Championship 2008.
    • 2012World Chess Championship 2012: The Indian Chess GM Viswanathan Anand successfully defends his World Chess Champion title against GM Boris Gelfand in the World Chess Championship 2012.
    • 2012 – Magnus Carlsen achieved a record-breaking ELO rating of 2861 surpassing Garry Kasparov’s record of 2851.
    • 2013World Chess Championship 2013: The Norway Chess GM Magnus Carlsen defeated India GM Vishy Anand winning the Title of World Chess Champion 2013 held in India.
    Magnus Carlsen World Chess Champion

    Magnus Carlsen World Chess Champion

    • 2014 – 2018 – GM Magnus Carlsen has dominated the chess world by winning All the World Chess Championship Titles.
    • 2019-2020 – Magnus Carlsen set a world record of longest unbeaten streak at the elite level in the classical chess format with a Long streak of 120 games unbeaten.
    Magnus Carlsen Records

    Magnus Carlsen Records

    • 2020 - As you all know that year 2020 is suffered by covid-19 but this can't beat chess or stop it from playing by chess players all around the world. All the chess tournaments that have to be organized this year had been organized on online platforms. I will tell you about the major event played in 2020 is Online Chess Olympiad 2020.
    • Online Chess Olympiad 2020 - In this Chess Olympiad India and Russia have played very well. The Final between these two teams had been interrupted due to online server crash. That's why both teams declared as champions.
    Online Chess Olympiad 2020

    As in this complete history of chess game, you have read about all the World Chess Championships and the World Chess Championship and we have also highlighted the major and important journey of Chess and many more.

    Here is the complete list of world chess champions according to their time periods through a beautiful chess infographic.

    world chess champions

    Now I’d Like to Hear From You


    Thanks to History Of Chess: Complete Journey (Origin-21st Century) you came to know the original origin of chess game and know all the myths that are prevailing in the society.

    I hope you enjoyed this complete history of chess interesting.

    Now I’d like to hear what you have to say:

    When the chess game have been started and who can be considered as the creator or inventor of this interesting game?

    Also, which is the most important phase and event in the development of chess game from this history.

    Here is a task for you. Discuss the journey of chess game with your friends and ask them which they think is the most important event for chess game.

    Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below right now your views about this history of chess and that important event according to you.

    history of chess guide conclusion

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